Written Evidence Dr Katy Hayward and Ben Rosher



1.    Context



2.    Empirical studies on effects of time zone difference and seasonal clock changes


2.1.   Trade



2.2.   Energy



2.3.   Health and society



3.    Irish Government position on abolition of seasonal clock changes


3.1.    Consultation and results



3.2.    Irish Government recommendation



4.    Views from the Ireland/UK Border region


4.1.   Survey in the Central Border Region of Ireland/Northern Ireland




4.2.   Risk of returning to the ‘back to back’ experience of the past






Anderson E (2013) Study reveals impact of time differences on international trade - Press Release Archive - UEA. Available at: https://www.uea.ac.uk/about/media-room/press-release-archive/-/asset_publisher/a2jEGMiFHPhv/content/study-reveals-impact-of-time-differences-on-international-trade (accessed 1 October 2019).

Bakken J (2012) Heart attacks rise following daylight saving time. Available at: https://www.uab.edu/news/health/item/2141-heart-attacks-rise-following-daylight-saving-time (accessed 1 October 2019).

Christen E (2012) Time zones matter: The impact of distance and time zones on services trade. FIW Working Paper series(090).

Department of Justice and Equality (2019) Report of the Interdepartmental Group on EU Proposal to Discontinue Seasonal Clock Changes (accessed 26 August 2019).

DfE (2018) Background Evidence on the Movement of People Across the Northern Ireland - Ireland Border (accessed 27 August 2019).

Doherty A (2018) The movement of people across the Northern Ireland - Republic of Ireland border (accessed 27 August 2019).

European Parliament (2019) European Parliament legislative resolution of 26 March 2019 on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council discontinuing seasonal changes of time and repealing Directive 2000/84/EC (COM(2018)0639 – C8-0408/2018 – 2018/0332(COD)) (accessed 26 August 2019).

Hamermesh DS, Knowles Myers C and Pocock ML (2006) Cues for Coordination: Light, Longitude and Letterman (accessed 1 October 2019).

Hayward K and Komarova M (2019) The Border into Brexit: Perspectives from local communities in the Central Border Region of Ireland/Northern Ireland - interim findings. https://go.qub.ac.uk/BorderBrexit

Higher Education Authority (2018) An Analysis of Existing Statistics on Student Flows Between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland in Higher Education (accessed 27 August 2019).

House of Commons Energy and Climate Change Committee (2010) The effect on energy usage of extending British Summer Time. Available at https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201012/cmselect/cmenergy/562/562vw.pdf (Accessed 01 October 2019) (accessed 1 October 2019).

NISRA and DfE (2018) Cross-Border Supply Chain Report (accessed 27 August 2019).

Soone J (2019) Parliament backs proposal to end switch between summer and winter time in 2021. Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190321IPR32107/parliament-backs-proposal-to-end-switch-between-summer-and-winter-time-in-2021 (accessed 26 August 2019).

Worthington AC (2018) Daylight saving can boost the economy but Australia needs to make it uniform. Available at: https://theconversation.com/daylight-saving-can-boost-the-economy-but-australia-needs-to-make-it-uniform-93727 (accessed 1 October 2019).


15 October 2019



[1] See https://go.qub.ac.uk/BorderBrexit for interim findings

[2] Respondents are referred to by their response number, gender and the local authority area in which they live.