Dr Samuel Nyman, Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, Bournemouth University – Written evidence (INQ0030)
A multidisciplinary approach to promote physical activity and exercise among older people
Dr Samuel Nyman is a leading researcher on preventing falls and promoting physical activity among older people. With a background in health psychology, his interests include the use of behaviour change techniques to promote exercise among older people and people with dementia. Dr Nyman was consulted for his expertise by Haringey Council in October 2016, for his input into the council’s Physical Activity for Older People Scrutiny Review. This directly led to recommendations that were agreed by the council.
This evidence is submitted in response to the government’s call, so that policy makers are aware of the need for a multidisciplinary perspective for promoting physical activity and preventing falls. This will include the use of psychological knowledge on behaviour change but also the expertise of others including urban planners to make environments more conducive for physical activity among older people.
Question 11: How feasible is the Government’s aim to provide five more years of health and independence in old age by 2035?”
Specifically question a. What strategies will be needed to achieve the Government’s aim?.
Sherrington, C., Fairhall, N., Wallbank, G., Tiedemann, A., Michaleff, Z., Howard, K., . . . Lamb, S. (2019). Exercise for preventing falls in older people living in the community (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, Art. No.: CD012424-DOI: 012410.011002/14651858.CD14012424.pub14651852.
19 September 2019
 Kohl III, H. W., Craig, C. L., Lambert, E. V., Inoue, S., Alkandari, J. R., Leetongin, G., . . . for the Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. (2012). The pandemic of physical inactivity: Global action for public health. Lancet, 380(9838), 294-305.
 Moore, S. C., Lee, I.-M., Weiderpass, E., Campbell, P. T., Sampson, J. N., Kitahara, C. M., . . . al., e. (2016). Association of leisure-time physical activity with risk of 26 types of cancer in 1.44 million adults. JAMA Internal Medicine, 176(6), 816-825.
 Hallal, P. C., Andersen, L. B., Bull, F. C., Guthold, R., Haskell, W., & Ekelund, U. (2012). Global physical activity levels: Surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet, 380(9838), 247-257.
 McKee, G., Kearney, P. M., & Kenny, R. A. (2015). The factors associated with self-reported physical activity in older adults living in the community. Age and Ageing, 44(4), 586-592.
 Lee, I.-M., Shiroma, E. J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S. N., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: An analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet, 380(9838), 219-229
 Nyman, S. R., & Szymczynska, P. (2016). Meaningful activities for improving the wellbeing of people with dementia: Beyond mere pleasure to meeting fundamental psychological needs. Perspectives in Public Health, 136(2), 99-107: http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23019/ [open access].
 World Health Organization. (2007). WHO global report on falls prevention in older age. Retrieved from Geneva: World Health Organization: https://www.who.int/ageing/publications/Falls_prevention7March.pdf.
 El-Khoury, F., Cassou, B., Charles, M.-A., & Dargent-Molina, P. (2013). The effect of fall prevention exercise programmes on fall induced injuries in community dwelling older adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ, 347(f6234), Published online 29 October-DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f6234.
 Michie, S., van Stralen, M. M., & West, R. (2011). The behaviour change wheel: A new method for characterising and designing behaviour change interventions. Implementation Science, 6, e42
 Nyman, S. R. (2018). A multidisciplinary approach to promoting physical activity among older people. In S. R. Nyman, A. Barker, T. Haines, K. Horton, C. Musselwhite, G. Peeters, C. Victor, & J. Wolff (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Ageing and Physical Activity Promotion (pp. 1-19). London: Palgrave MacMillan.
 Hicks, B., Innes, A., & Nyman, S. R. (2019). Exploring the ‘active mechanisms’ for engaging rural-dwelling older men with dementia in community technological initiative. Ageing & Society, published online 05 April, DOI: http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/31964/ [open access].
 Nyman, S. R. (2011). Psychosocial issues in engaging older people with physical activity interventions for the prevention of falls. Canadian Journal on Aging, 30(1), 45-55. http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32782/ [open access].
 Nyman, S. R., Goodwin, K., Kwasnicka, D., & Callaway, A. (2016). Increasing walking among older people: A test of behaviour change techniques using factorial randomised N-of-1 trials. Psychology & Health, 31(3), 313-330. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4784513/ [open access].
 Barker, A., Cameron, P., Flicker, L., Arendts, G., Brand, C., Etherton-Beer, C., . . . Hill, K. (2019). Evaluation of RESPOND, a patient-centred program to prevent falls in older people presenting to the emergency department with a fall: A randomised controlled trial. PLoS Med, 16(5), e1002807. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002807. https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002807 [open access].
 Nyman, S. R., Adamczewska, N., & Howlett, N. (2018). Systematic review of behaviour change techniques to promote participation in physical activity among people with dementia. British Journal of Health Psychology, 23(1), 148-170. http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/29697/ [open access].
 For more information about the randomised controlled trial, see:
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