1/ It is doubtful if food insecurity is a reasonable definition of the problem. It is really economic insecurity which may be due to low income or inadequate financial planning. As shown in the attached paper, nutritionally adequate diets can be constructed at low costs.
Education on financial planning, in whatever format is probably the only answer to this..
Increasing use of food banks is used publicly but may not necessarily indicate decreased availability of food.
2/ Whereas in the past malnutrition has been , the main health difficulty now is complete availability of food leading to obesity and consequent health outcomes. The only real answer to this is highlighting and education as to the problem. More definite marketing and educational methods may be needed.
3/ The truth is all food available is healthy takes in a correct dietary qualities. In to-day’s world these are all accessible. Rural populations may have a more traditional diet probably at lower cost.
4/ Most local authorities provide facilities towards more exercise. A more approach by education and health bodies might help. Generally G.P’s. while encouraging exercise are reluctant to say too much about overweight.
5/ They could help through education. However, similar bodies have always been needed for purposes eg. Soup kitchens during the Great Depression in the world’s wealthiest economy.
6/ Food processing tends to come in for criticism but largely they provide what the consumer desires. Portion size is an unproven point – a consumer may simply eat more of something else for satiety lower income groups are likely to chose larger portion size since it is better value for money.
7/ In times the U.K. uses around half it’s food expenditure at grocery outlets and half at service outlets. However, the service outlets provide just 25% of nutrient supply which means a cost ratio of approx. 3.1 for service/grocery.
8/ Foods could be designed to provide “the perfect balance” in where nutrient supply fits all health advice. The difficulty is that this would be needed on a full-day basis and could limit choice and desire. Government regulations would seem to be going too far in a personal matter such as food consumption. Advice would seem the best that can be done.
9/ The U.K. has the land resource to provide self-sufficiency in healthy, affordable food with potential for considerably increasing exports. The achievement of this will depend on a combination of agricultural efficiency and returns to farmers. Vegetable production in the U.K. has declined presumably due to insufficient business return.
As shown on the attached paper, contrary to popular thinking as increase in efficient U.K. agriculture would actually improve global environmental sustainability.
10/ Pillars of sustainability have been described as economic, social and environmental.
Economic sustainability underlines the supply of healthy food in the U.K. – Environmental sustainability concerns in food production are important and are, in general, being addressed. They do and should not provide any limitation to food production. (see attached paper)
11/ Local authorities have highlighted the problem of food waste. Education on household budgeting is probably needed for further reduction.
12/ More investment in information and education is needed.
Fixed measures such as the sugar tax on soft drinks highlighted the problem and brought about change in formulation. A study on the effects of this would be useful addressing among other things did calorie consumption reduce? Was there an overall price rise in branded soft drinks?
Apart from interference with rights, it would be too complex to obtain a base-line and administration regulation.
Presumably, public processment does already provide some measure of dietary balance.
13/ Continuing research needed
14/ The U.K. should have sufficient expertise to develop its own food and health policies related to it’s geographical position problems are global in developed and developing countries.
15/ There may be a need to co-ordinate more fully economic, health, agricultural, environmental, social services, production and retail interests.
Consideration could be given to a single body e.g. “Healthy Food for the U.K. representing all of these.
12 September 2019