Marinet Limited WQR0080

 

Supplementary written evidence submitted by Marinet Limited

The Scale of intensive indoor livestock farming in the United Kingdom, and the impact of its related sewage disposal regime upon Water Quality in Rivers.

 

We provide here tabulated data based on research undertaken by Compassion in World Farming (CIWM) published 2021, ref. https://www.ciwf.org.uk/factory-farm-map/#pig/all

The Tables below record the information for indoor reared pigs, meat chickens, egg chickens, and dairy cows. Specifically:

Individual Levels for these livestock animals being reared intensively indoors in the counties of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

 

Total Levels for these livestock animals being reared intensively indoors in the counties of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

 

Total Levels for these livestock animals being reared intensively indoors in the United Kingdom as a whole.

 

Note: CIWM advise: “There is little publicly available information on the method of production system used on-farm. Therefore, the number of animals and farms are estimates of chickens, pigs and dairy cows that are permanently housed indoors in the UK.”  It is also to be noted that in a large number of categories no data was available, so the figures cited are likely to be under-estimates of the total levels of indoor intensive livestock farming in the UK.

              In England, the 40,000 dairy cows being farmed in this way occur across 70 farms; the 11 million egg laying hens occur across 60 farms and the 100 million broiler (meat) chickens occur across 800 farms; whilst in the UK as a whole the 1.3 million pigs occur in over 200 farms.

              It is estimated that around 73% of farmed animals in the UK are kept in indoor factory farms, with a 26 per cent rise in intensive animal farming in the UK in the last six years. In the case of intensively reared chickens (egg laying and broiler) there are now approximately 1,400 factory farms (2017 figure) whereas in 2000 there were none.  This intensive indoor farming of livestock is therefore a recent development in farming practices, ref. https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/stories/2017-07-17/megafarms-uk-intensive-farming-meat

              The specific issue that Marinet places before the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee, with the request that it be asked of DEFRA and the UK farming industry, is:

How is the animal livestock waste (sewage) disposed of at these animal intensive indoor farms to ensure that:

a/. All this animal waste is neutralised in terms of its pathogen content (viral, bacterial and parasitic) before disposal, given that it will contain antibiotic resistant bacteria (AMR) due to the husbandry regimes employed.

              b/. None of this animal waste is released into rivers and watercourses.

 

Title: Individual and Total Levels for livestock animals being reared intensively indoors in the counties of England.

Source: CIWM, 2021.

County

Pigs

Meat Chickens

Egg Chickens

Dairy Cows

All

Norfolk

      130,000

   12,231,000

No data available

No data available

    12,363,000

Suffolk

      140,000

     5,623,000

         15,000

No data available

    5,779,000

Essex

        10,960

     2,163,000

No data available

No data available

    2,174,000

Cambridge

No data available

     1,903,000

         75,000

No data available

    1,978,000

Kent

No data available

No data available

    1,652,000

              280

     1,652,280

W. Sussex

        12,410

           40,000

         424,000

No data available

       476,000

E. Sussex

No data available

        153,000

No data available

              180

        153,180

Hampshire

        13,370

     1,152,000

         187,000

No data available

   1,352,000

Dorset

        50,920

        606,000

         538,000

           2,070

   1,196,990

Wiltshire

        18,050

      2,237,000

         634,000

              200

   2,889,250

Somerset

        38,760

      3,625,000

         702,000

           2,660

   4,368,000

Devon

        22,610

      1,715,000

         708,000

           2,760

   2,449,000

Cornwall

        15,480

        340,000

No data available

           2,900

      358,380

Oxfordshire

        43,590

     1,405,000

No data available

No data available

   1,485,590

Bedford

          6,550

        210,000

           59,000

No data available

      275,550

Buckingham

No data available

     1,537,000

No data available

No data available

   1,537,000

Hertford

No data available

        780,000

No data available

No data available

      780,000

Northampton

        15,570

        247,000

        114,000

No data available

      376,570

Warwickshire

        21,710

     1,189,000

No data available

No data available

  1,210,710

Worcester

          6,200

     1,292,000

           72,600

              190

  1,370,990

W. Midlands

             750

          90,000

No data available

No data available

        90,750

Leicestershire

        29,620

    1,775,000

No data available

No data available

   1,804,620

Gloucester

        10,670

    3,535,000

        285,000

           1,180

   3,831,850

Hereford

          5,010

  16,726,000

         113,000

No data available

16,844,010

Shropshire

        23,040

  13,360,000

      1,330,000

           2,040

14,715,080

Staffordshire

        12,050

    2,707,000

         650,000

No data available

  3,369,050

Derbyshire

          5,400

    1,853,000

No data available

              260

   1,858,660

Nottingham

No data available

    2,142,000

         476,000

No data available

   2,618,000

Lincolnshire

        41,970

  11,885,000

         268,000

No data available

12,194,970

Cheshire

          4,750

    2,122,000

         697,000

            3,160

   2,826,910

Manchester

No data available

       462,000

         120,000

No data available

      582,000

S. Yorkshire

        13,570

No data available

No data available

No data available

        13,570

W. Yorkshire

        48,020

   1,585,000

No data available

               490

   1,633,510

N. Yorkshire

      221,000

   6,868,000

         164,000

           2,220

   7,255,220

E. Yorkshire

      144,000

   2,884,000

         344,000

No data available

  3,372,000

Lancashire

        11,560

   1,879,000

         498,000

           3,070

   2,391,630

Cumbria

        14,710

   3,228,000

No data available

              680

   3,243,390

Durham

          4,400

          40,000

         132,000

No data available

        576,400

Totals

  1,136,700

103,558,000

   10,257,600

         24,340

114,976,640

 

 

 

Title: Individual and Total Levels for livestock animals being reared intensively indoors in the counties of Wales. Source: CIWM, 2021.

County

Pigs

Meat Chickens

Egg Chickens

Dairy Cows

All

Powys

          1,000

     2,949,000

        64,000

         1,000

  3,015,000

Dyfed

             750

No data available

No data available

         3,710

          4,460

Gwent

        5,350

     1,920,000

        60,000

No data available

  1,985,350

Clwyd

No data available

        810,000

No data available

             250

      810,250

Glamorgan

No data available

No data available

      295,000

No data available

      295,000

Gwynedd

          1,520

     1,430,000

No data available

No data available

   1,431,520

Totals

          8,620

     7,109,000

      419,000

          4,960

   7,541,580

 

Title:  Individual and Total Levels for livestock animals being reared intensively indoors in the counties of Scotland. Source: CIWM, 2021.

County

Pigs

Meat Chickens

Egg Chickens

Dairy Cows

All

Scot. Borders

          1,050

          48,420

No data available

          1,550

        51,020

Dumfries / Galloway

No data available

        615,000

No data available

          6,350

      621,350

Strathclyde

              700

No data available

           46,800

             215

        47,715

Lothian

           3,370

     2,862,000

         100,000

No data available

  2,965,370

Fife

No data available

        878,000

         492,000

No data available

  1,370,000

Central

No data available

     1,200,000

No data available

No data available

  1,200,000

Tayside

No data available

     2,755,000

No data available

No data available

  2,755,000

Grampian

         20,340

     1,010,000

         614,000

No data available

  1,644,340

Totals

         25,460

     9,368,420

      1,252,800

          8,115

10,654,795

 

Title: Individual and Total Levels for livestock animals being reared intensively indoors in the counties of Northern Ireland. Source: CIWM, 2021.

County

Pigs

Meat Chickens

Egg Chickens

Dairy Cows

All

Fermanagh

No data available

            65,000

          415,000

No data available

      480,000

Tyrone

           24,920

       8,210,000

          316,000

No data available

   8,550,920

Londonderry

No data available

       1,576,000

            91,000

No data available

   1,667,000

Antrim

           17,850

       4,825,000

          287,000

               870

   5,130,720

Down

           26,770

       2,382,000

No data available

               300

   2,409,070

Armagh

           39,220

       3,132,000

No data available

               735

   3,171,955

Totals

         108,760

    20,190,000

      1,109,000

            1,905

21,409,665

 

Title: Total Levels for livestock animals being reared intensively indoors in the United Kingdom as a whole. Source: CIWM 2021.

Country

Pigs

Meat Chickens

Egg Chickens

Dairy Cows

All

England

        1,136,700

     103,558,000

        10,257,600

          24,340

114,976,640

Wales

                8,620

         7,109,000

             419,000

            4,960

     7,541,580

Scotland

              25,460

         9,368,420

          1,252,800

            8,115

   10,654,795

N. Ireland

            108,760

      20,190,000

          1,109,000

            1,905

   21,409,665

United Kingdom

 

   1,279,540

 

140,225,420

 

  13,038,400

 

      39,320

 

154,582,680

 

March 2021