Written Evidence Submitted by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy


  1. The suitability of the Government’s announced plans for “Driving the Growth of Low Carbon Hydrogen”, including: 

         the focus, scale and timescales of the proposed measures;   

         how the proposed measures—and any other recommended measures—could best be co-ordinated; 

         the dependency of the Government’s proposed plans on carbon capture and storage, any risks associated with this and how any risks should be mitigated; and 

         potential business models that could attract private investment and stimulate widespread adoption of hydrogen as a Net Zero fuel;


BEIS response


Focus, scale and timescales




Business models

We are aiming to:


  1. The progress of recent and ongoing trials of hydrogen in the UK and abroad, and the next steps to most effectively build on this progress

BEIS response


BEIS is supporting hydrogen heating trials and their progress is outlined below:


Hy4heat Programme

3. The engineering and commercial challenges associated with using hydrogen as a fuel, including production, storage, distribution and metrology, and how the Government could best address these.

BEIS response

Engineering challenges


Net Zero Innovation Portfolio and Ten Point Plan


Commercial challenges

The hydrogen business model will address challenges including:


4. The infrastructure that hydrogen as a Net Zero fuel will require in the short- and longer-term, and any associated risks and opportunities.

BEIS response


Major infrastructure development is required across the hydrogen value chain, from production, transmission, storage and across its various end uses.


There is a strong view that the UK’s combination of domestic electrochemical and regulatory expertise, investment in hydrogen innovation, and geography (with its abundant offshore wind, CO2 storage and hydrogen storage in salt caverns, depleted oil and gas fields and long-established and well-regulated gas system) positions us as a potential leader on low carbon hydrogen.


Some of the key infrastructure requirements are detailed below:


CCUS Infrastructure Fund








Hydrogen for heat




  1. Cost-benefit analysis of using hydrogen to meet Net Zero as well as the potential environmental impact of technologies required for its widespread use;


BEIS response


  1. The relative advantages and disadvantages of hydrogen compared to other low-carbon options (such as electrification or heat networks), the applications for which hydrogen should be prioritised and why, and how any uncertainty in the optimal technology should be managed. 


(January 2021)