International Development Committee inquiry: secondary impacts of coronavirus in developing countries

Evidence submission from CREID



The Coalition for Religious Equality and Inclusive Development (CREID) is an international consortium led by the Institute of Development Studies, funded by UK aid. CREID pivoted its work after the pandemic outbreak to focus on highlighting the impact of Covid-19 on religious minorities, where we saw pre-existing inequalities being exacerbated and where new issues were emerging, for example minorities being blamed for the spread of Covid-19. CREID also provided direct support to vulnerable communities, for example, in Pakistan, CREID partners delivered awareness training on using PPE, as well as delivering PPE itself to poor sanitation workers, who are predominantly from Christian backgrounds.

  1. Non-coronavirus health care; the communities trust and engagement in healthcare provision (especially in relation to other infectious diseases and immunisation)

From February – September 2020 CREID has been documenting the experiences of religious marginality intersecting with other inequalities, as recorded by members of the communities, activists, researchers and development practitioners. Including through blogs and a podcast series.

Recently CREID has found that religious minorities groups have faced negative impacts by the secondary impacts of Covid-19. For example:


  1. Economy and food security; economic performance, development and level of ODA (implications for livelihoods and food security and nutrition)

CREID has found that Covid-19 and the measures put in place to contain it have had a significant and long-lasting impact on livelihoods and food security of religious minorities where they already experience socio-economic exclusion on the basis of class and caste. These include but are not restricted to daily wage labourers, farmers and small business owners.


  1. Treatment of women and children; levels domestic abuse, gender-based violence and exploitation of women and children, including child marriage

CREID partners have shared figures with us which describe a significant jump in domestic violence and rape, from Iraq to Myanmar to Nigeria - across the board. Lockdown measures, lack of income and lack of access to services such as refuges and hotlines compounded a pre-existing problem where many women have few rights and little recourse to justice.


This submission draws on evidence from CREID and its partners, led by Dr Mariz Tadros, Director of the Coalition for Religious Equality and Inclusive Development (CREID) and Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies.

For further information relating to this evidence submission or requests for oral evidence please contact: Sophie Robinson, External Affairs Officer, or +44 (0)1273 915763.

Further reading:

Covid-19 adds yet another strain to the dire situation of religious minorities in India 

Covid-19 and increased Daesh attacks threaten the survival of Iraq’s religious minorities 

Death and Funerary Practices in the Context of Epidemics: Upholding the Rights of Religious Minorities

Humanitarianism and Religious Inequalities: Addressing a Blind Spot