Written Evidence submitted by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)(FS0068)

  1. What are the key factors affecting the resilience of food supply chains and causing disruption and rising food prices – including input costs, labour shortages and global events? What are the consequences for UK businesses and consumers?








Support for Famers


  1. What is the outlook for UK food price inflation in the short and medium term? What policy interventions should the Government consider to manage these pressures?

Background and key food price drivers

Defra Food Price Estimates


Government Response


  1. How are the rising cost of living and increasing food prices affecting access to healthy and nutritious food?


  1. How will the proposals in the Government’s food strategy policy paper affect:
  1. the resilience of food supply chains?;



  1. the agri-food and seafood sectors?;



  1. Infrastructure, where at least £65 million is available to fund improvements to industry capability across the supply chain, including upgrades to ports and processing facilities; and  
  2. Skills and Training, where up to £10 million will be available to develop new, and improve current, courses to upskill the industry in essential skills. 


  1. access to healthy, nutritious food?


  1. Is the current level and target of food self-sufficiency in England still appropriate?


  1. How could the Government’s proposed land use strategy for England improve food security? What balance should be stuck between land use for food production and other goals – such as environmental benefit?
  2. The Government Food Strategy stated that we will publish a Land Use Framework in 2023 to make sure we help our farmers adapt to a changing climate, whilst continuing to produce high quality, affordable produce that supports a healthier diet while meeting our net zero and biodiversity commitments.
  3. Defra is working with other government departments, including BEIS, DLUHC, and Cabinet Office, to develop the scope of the Framework, and to determine the principles that will help us move towards a more strategic land use.
  4. We envisage the Land Use Framework will comprise a set of principles to guide local authorities, land managers, and others across England to move towards a more strategic use of land that will help us meet our commitments on food security, improving the environment, and securing net zero through multifunctional landscapes.
  5. We are seeking to deliver as much as we can on our limited supply of land, to secure the whole range of government commitments through multifunctional landscapes. This will incorporate elements of the Three-Compartment Model, which was recommended in Henry Dimbleby’s independent review, including areas of highly productive land as well as elements of land sparing and land sharing. Our focus is on securing resilient, multifunctional landscapes that will be a mosaic of land uses dependent on the local context.



September 2022


[1] HMRC trade data

[2] Chicago Mercantile Exchange

[3] Chicago Mercantile Exchange

[4] IMF Primary Commodity Prices

[5] ONS - Consumer price inflation, UK - Office for National Statistics

[6] Internal Defra analysis.

[7] Internal Defra analysis.

[8] Defra analysis using ONS Living Costs and Food Survey data. Family spending in the UK - Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk)

[9] Internal Defra analysis.

[10] Defra analysis using ONS LCFS data. Family spending in the UK - Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk)

[11] Internal Defra analysis.

[12] Production to supply: AUK Chapter 14

[13] Production to supply: AUK Chapter 14

[14] United Kingdom Food Security Report 2021