9 May 2022

 

 

 

 

HOL European Affairs Committee UK-EU relationship in financial services

 

Thank you once again for the opportunity to speak to the Committee on 8 February, as part of your inquiry into the future of financial services after Brexit.

 

Further to your recent discussions with my policy team, I am writing to provide further clarification and evidence in the three areas identified.

 

1)  Equivalence

To confirm the last time equivalence was granted between the UK and another country.

 

February 2021 was the last time equivalence was granted between the UK and another country. This was for Switzerland in relation to its Share Trading Obligation.1

 

To confirm the last time equivalence was granted between the EU and a major alternative financial centre.

 

The European Commission’s List of equivalence Decisions states all equivalences granted as of February 2021.

 

The latest equivalence decision the EU granted was on 8 February 2022, extending the temporary equivalence granted in respect of the UK's supervisory framework for central clearing counterparties (CCPs) by three years, until 30 June 2025: Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2022/174.

 

Prior to this, the most recent group of equivalence decisions taken in 2021 relate to EMIR (after the end of the UK's post-Brexit transition period):

 

Brazil

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/1103 of 5 July 2021

 

Canada

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/1104 of 5 July 2021


1HMT Policy paper, Table of UK Equivalence Decisions, 14 January 2021, found at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/guidance-document-for-the-uks-equivalence-framework-for- financial-services

 


 

 

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/1105 of 5 July 2021

 

Australia

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/1106 of 5 July 2021

 

Hong Kong

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/1107 of 5 July 2021

 

United States of America

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/1108 of 5 July 2021 Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/583 of 9 April 2021 Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/85 of 27 January 2021

 

 

2)  Number discrepancy

To provide clarification on the discrepancy Lord Purvis noted in figures TheCityUK had quoted and those seen in a HoC Library briefing paper.

 

We note Lord Purvis quoted from a House of Commons (HOC) Library briefing paper which said:

 

“Financial service exports to the EU have continued to fall in 2021, falling by 5% between Q4 2020 and Q1 2021 and by a further 5% between Q1 and Q2 2021. Compared to 2019 and pre-covid levels of trade, financial services exports to the EU were 31% lower in Q2 2021 than Q2 2019.”

 

In response to the figures quoted:

 

2020. However, the paper states “In 2020, exports of financial services to the EU were worth

£21 billion.”

trading more now with other economies like the US, for example: “Financial services trade is conducted primarily with other advanced economies. The US is the largest single destination for the UK’s financial services exports, accounting for 34.2% of total financial services exports. As a bloc, EU Member States accounted for 30% of total sector exports.”

 


 

 

 

 

3)  Job losses

To provide information on which specific sector(s) have driven the headline reduction in the number of jobs in financial and related professional services (FRPS).

 

On FRPS employment:

 

 

 

UK Employment Financial Services

2016

2020

Banking

394,000

370,000

Insurance

318,750

321,250

Fund Management

50,000

69,000

Other

289,250

275,500

UK Employment Related Professional Services

2016

2020

Accounting

369,000

430,000

Consulting

336,000

358,000

Legal

510,000

478,000

 

 

I hope this information has been helpful. If TheCityUK can support the Committee in any other way, please do not hesitate to get in touch.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

 

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Miles Celic

Chief Executive I TheCityUK