Midlands Engine welcomes this sub-inquiry on how local and regional government structures in England could be reformed or better equipped to deliver growth, with specific reference to the Government’s levelling up agenda.
Founded in 2016 and chaired by Sir John Peace, the Midlands Engine partnership acts as a collective voice for our region, bringing together public sector partners and businesses to complement the activity of local and combined authorities, LEPs, universities, businesses and others. The Midlands Engine partnership works to ensure that the priorities of the region are understood and addressed. Working together, the Midlands Engine partnership delivers additionality, through:
Influencing, levering our convening powers and combining capabilities across our region
Advocacy, using contemporary regional evidence to shape policy and accelerate growth trajectories
Enabling delivery, macro commissioning, partnership consortia and in-house initiatives
We lever the capacity of the Midlands to help Britain succeed: our economy is worth £239 billion - 13% of the UK’s annual output – and represents a huge further potential to be realised. We are apolitical, bringing additionality, focusing on increasing productivity, economic growth and improving quality of life for our communities. Our approach benefits every part of the Midlands with a powerful partnership model which brings together a unified voice – and deliver through a collaborative approach.
The Midlands Engine partnership offers added value to Government and other public sector investors, levering additional investment with every £1 invested from the public purse. Further, we enable targeted, effective policy and investment decision making through a robust regional evidence base. Our leverage extends to bring capabilities, academic excellent and industry influence of tangible, significant added value and benefit to our region.
1. Operating at scale across the Midlands geography to level up the regional economy, adding strategic value where no other organisation can.
2. Identifying and capitalising on major economic opportunities, enabling stakeholders, infrastructure and business assets to work more effectively for the benefit of the local and the UK economy.
3. Growing the global footprint of the Midlands by attracting foreign investment and increasing trade to enable ideas, people and enterprise to prosper and compete globally.
The Midlands has been particularly badly-hit by the Covid-19 pandemic, which itself has exacerbated pre-existing regional inequalities across the country. Indeed, data from the Midlands Engine Observatory demonstrates this unequivocally and KPMG found that the West Midlands would be the worst-hit region in the UK, with its economy shrinking by an estimated 10.1 per cent. Sectors such as the visitor economy, manufacturing and higher education have been particularly badly hit.
However, it is also the case that the Midlands, as a centre of innovation and enterprise – means it will be indispensable to the national post-pandemic recovery.
We have responded to each of the areas of focus in the inquiry’s terms of reference below.
It is vital that the Government’s approach to regional levelling up is reliant upon the most accurate and compelling data evidence. It is only by comprehending the particular economic strengths and challenges of a region that policy can be successfully targeted and investment unlock real growth.
Midlands Engine Observatory
Independent Economic Review (IER)
The Observatory is an integral part of the work of the Midlands Engine partnership. As such, it is critical that it receives sufficient support and funding from Government to maintain and grow the economic evidence base for the region, especially in light of the pace of changes linked to the Covid-19 pandemic.
Regional and local structures
The Midlands Engine partnership is a regional structure in its own right, sitting across the landscape of local government. We look forward to the upcoming Devolution and Local Recovery White Paper providing clarity on local government structures and empowering local and regional organisations.
As England’s leading pan-regional partnership, the Midlands Engine sets a clear path for other regions to follow: its strength comes from its ability to harness collective action, working together at scale to identify areas of economic growth and deliver for the whole Midlands region.
One of the Midlands Engine’s primary roles is that of co-ordinating and collaborating with the multiple different local structures that exist within our geography, which in turn provide ideas and expertise relevant for the whole of the local economy. We have partnerships in areas including digital, energy, health sciences and innovation - and beyond. To give a sense of the work we undertake we would draw the Committee’s attention to some of our specific areas of collaboration:
When working with such a broad and significant network of organisations and bodies across the different tiers and sectors of the regional economy, the importance of the Midlands Engine’s partnership nature becomes apparent. As well as LEPs and upper tier authorities, the Midlands Engine collaborates with a variety of stakeholders on major issues to bring about a unified, clear voice to the key issues of our region.
The immense value of this partnership approach has been well demonstrated during Covid-19 and through the coordinated mobilisation of Midlands Engine partners. For instance, the rapid development of regional data insights – insights on which partner organisations and businesses have been able to base immediate action and investment / trajectory decisions – was only possible with ground breaking, trusted data sharing across the partnership and expert analyses followed by reporting and equally fast paced dissemination.
As well as on data, Midlands Engine partners are working together to build future growth through a number of areas, including:
The move towards a greener, more sustainable economy, in line with the Government’s net zero agenda, is a key example of where the partnership model of Midlands Engine is at its most effective, bringing together partners who will collaborate and harness local innovation and expertise.
Targeted regional investment
As part of its commitment to unleash the full potential and talent of the Midlands, the Midlands Engine, together with its Midlands Innovation and Midlands Enterprise partners, have targeted investment towards harnessing future growth through innovation.
Ultimately however, Government support is the real necessity if the Midlands is to seize fully the opportunity of new technology to drive growth and productivity. The lack of funding received to date in the Midlands, particularly around R&D funding and the marked lag (against England average) in digital connectivity, means that its potential as a hub of excellence and innovation is not being realised. We welcome the recent commitment to see R&D spending increased to 2.4 per cent of GDP, but this must be powerfully targeted - and targeted specifically at regions which have so far been underrepresented – including the Midlands.
One of the Midlands Engine’s arms, the Midlands Engine Investment Fund (MEIF), was established with the purpose of ensuring readily available access to finance for businesses across the region through Small Business Loans, Debt Finance, Proof of Concept and Equity Finance funds. MEIF aims to transform the finance landscape for smaller businesses in the Midlands and realise the full potential of economic growth through enterprise.
MEIF is a collaboration between the British Business Bank (BBB) and nine LEPs across the Midlands Engine – plus the South East Midlands LEP, providing over £250m of investment to boost SME growth. BBB already plays an enormously important role in ensuring regional funding exists, but this role will become more significant still if it is to take on the commitments of the European Regional Development Fund, from which MEIF previously received funding.
Similarly, important work is being done at a regional level led by Midlands Engine partners to develop Supply Chain initiatives across the Midlands, and to enable small businesses to capitalise on the opportunities presented by economic corridors.
The Shared Prosperity Fund (SPF), if this is designed to have flexibility to be deployed at scale, pan-regionally, thematically and more locally, presents a powerful opportunity to focus on addressing regional inequality as part of the Government’s levelling up agenda. Tackling inequalities and improving productivity should be explicit functions of the SPF.
For R&D investment – if this is to truly target regional priorities, and level up through increased regional capabilities, centralised competition for such public funding should be fully re-considered where this diminishes the opportunity for regional needs to be met. MEIF demonstrates well how targeted, regionally allocated investment delivers regional impact.
On supporting growth through international trade, regionally allocated investment (such as the Midlands Engine enhancement funding via DIT) must be increasingly targeted to regional need, with a ‘region first’ presumption, and where – as in the Midlands Engine, the rationale for investment is powerfully articulated by partners backed by strategic analysis of regional need, partner-led delivery should be fully enabled to achieve greatest impact.
We’d draw the Committee’s consideration to the fact that UK government distribution of spend is not currently, and has not for some time been evenly distributed or targeted at areas of regional need. Current ERDF funding improves this situation marginally. ERDF replacement funding will need to firmly target areas of need, not be “spread evenly” in UK – as the latter will further exacerbate the uneven distribution of investment, working against rather than to enable levelling up.
Recent analysis by the Midlands Engine Observatory (Dec 2019) on levels of public sector investment illustrate this well with findings including:
Total identifiable expenditure on services in the Midlands was £8,707 in 2017-18 compared to the UK total of £9,350 (per capita)
Transport spending in the Midlands Engine lags behind other parts of the UK - £245 per capita for the East Midlands, compared to £1,019 in London. Transport spending has increased at a much slower rate over the last decade – just 3.35% in the East Midlands, compared to 79% in London
Spending is below the UK average in most sectors, including: general public services, enterprise and economic development, housing & community amenities and health
Finally, we’d advocate consideration by the Committee in respect of useful timescale for and approaches to economic development investments. Many competitive processes, often with short bid timelines and relatively short programme timelines (e.g. local growth deals and more recently rapid calls for reactive investment to re-mobilise a post pandemic economy) mean valuable capacity is lost in bidding processes and routine reinvention of key local propositions to ‘fit’ the latest competition. Longer funding time horizons, evidence-led approaches focused on what needs to change and greater stability of approach will mean less reactivity and give capacity back to partners to drive economic impact.
By working at scale in partnership across the region, the Midlands Engine partnership has highlighted key components of a long-term infrastructure strategy which encompasses ambitious new projects – such as those Project Speed seeks to identify. These infrastructure projects have the means to transform local growth and productivity.
Midlands Engine Development Corporation
The Midlands Engine, as a strategically-focused partnership of regional partners and businesses has proven capacity to undertake infrastructure projects at scale, and deliver significant economic benefit for the Midlands.
Such ambitious, large-scale projects have the potential to unlock accelerated, increased growth and productivity, design in local expertise, and the knowledge of where clusters of future growth exist. As such, the Government’s welcome commitments towards embracing new infrastructure projects and levelling up across the different regions must be predicated upon the understanding that decision-making will not remain centralised. It is for this reason that the Midlands Engine advocates that key facilities, such as the proposed new UK Advanced Research Projects Agency organisation, should be based in the Midlands, the heart of UK innovation and development. This example is one of many decisions before the Government where Government can make active choices to demonstrate its commitment to levelling-up the regions, and also deliver wider objectives powerfully.
The Midlands Engine welcomes the focus of this sub-inquiry, as well as the expressed commitment of the Government to regional levelling-up. As a partnership, we are now keen to see this policy enacted at pace, bringing targeted interventions at meaningful scale. Our response, together with the Independent Economic Review of Midlands Engine (April 2020), provides detailed evidence for the need to address regional inequalities across the Midlands.
For the Midlands to recover post-Covid-19, recognising pan-regional inequalities have been significantly exacerbated by the pandemic – recognising too that the impacts of Brexit will exacerbate these inequalities further still, we would ask that this inquiry conclude that significantly enhanced, targeted Government investment is needed to achieve the stated policy ambition of levelling up.
Contemporary regional data and evidence must be fully capitalised on to expedite recovery, together with the regionally located capabilities of those organisations who are best placed to deliver impact. Our Midlands Engine Observatory plays a vital part in this – providing contemporary evidence to partners and it is essential that we continue to grow the evidence base from which both regional and national leaders can work, to bring about such targeted investment and effective policies to demonstrably level up our region.
Levelling up the Midlands Engine means significant and targeted investment now by Government to address evidenced regional needs – overcoming tangible barriers to growth in our economy, including low levels of skills, poor access to finance, low public sector investment in R&D to drive innovation and stimulate growth in sectors, alongside investment at scale to turn the tide on decades of underinvestment in our digital, transport and energy infrastructure.