How is UNCLOS enforced and what are the challenges?
The House of Lords International Relations and Defence Committee will take evidence from three academic experts on Public International Law and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
The Committee will ask about the development of UNCLOS, how it is enforced and the challenges it faces 40 years after its negotiation.
- What have been the main successes and accomplishments of UNCLOS over the past 40 years? Would you say that the Convention is fit for purpose in 2021?
- What are the other important international agreements and treaties complementing UNCLOS?
- What are the main challenges facing the effective implementation of UNCLOS in 2021 related to climate change, including its effects on the environment and entitlement of states and maritime security?
- In light of the challenges posed by climate change to the provisions of UNCLOS, what considerations should be given to the law of the sea during COP26, and what should be the position of the UK Government?
- Does UNCLOS help or hinder maritime security? To what extent does UNCLOS help or hinder matters of human security and human rights at sea?
- What is the level of influence of the UK Government in international bodies responsible for overseeing the current international regime of the international law of the sea?