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EU Energy Governance - a reality check?

11 September 2015

The House of Lords EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee has launched a new inquiry into EU Energy Governance.

Areas of interest

Case Study One (national energy security): Capacity Mechanisms

Capacity mechanisms are being introduced by some Member States in order to assure national security of supply.

  • How might the development of some form of governance system mitigate any impact of separate national capacity mechanisms on the EU's energy policy?
  • How far can co-ordination of such mechanisms go before it becomes politically unacceptable?
  • How has this tension between EU and national objectives been handled thus far?

Case Study Two (national energy mix): Renewable energy targets

The October 2014 European Council agreed that the EU should cut its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 and that this should be delivered through a range of measures including renewable energy: β€œAn EU target of at least 27% is set for the share of renewable energy consumed in the EU in 2030. This target will be binding at EU level.” This contrasts to the 20% renewable target by 2020 which has binding national targets for each Member State.

  • How could a governance mechanism assist the EU to deliver its stated policy, including not only the 27% renewables target but the overarching 40% emissions reduction target which relies in part on the renewables target?
  • How robust could a governance mechanism be without compromising Member State responsibility for their national energy mix?

Drawing the case studies together: Looking forward

  • What are the implications of a strengthened EU approach to energy governance? What are the implications of not making swift progress towards a new – and clear – governance system?
  • If National Energy and Climate Plans were to be the basis for a strengthened governance, who should be responsible for assessment, review and enforcement? How can transparency of that process be assured?
  • What role should regional co-operation play in any new governance system?
  • How can regional co-operation help to overcome the potential tensions between national and EU policy objectives?
  • Should a new governance framework be enshrined in legislation?


The Committee are keen to receive evidence from a wide range of witnesses and would encourage interested parties to submit their views by Friday 2 October 2015.

A seminar and evidence session will be held on Thursday 15 October for invited parties.

Further information

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